NAME Marie Christenen or From /(Step-father)/Marie /Pedersen/
Diary of Niels Christian Schow - 1853
In the possession of my grandfather, Michael Juel Schow, until his death, 6 May 1925, was a small day journal, written with old fashioned brown ink, in the Danish language by Grandfather's father, Niels Christian Schow. The cover inscribed in Danish: "Daglag per Niels Chr. Schow - 1853."
Niels Christian Schow, our ancestor and the founder of our family in America was born 9 Feb. 1816 in Randers, Denmark, the second child of Anders Jensen Schow and Anne Christensen (Eriksen). His wives were: 1, Marie Pedersen, 2, Anne Andersen (d. 7 Dec. 1858) in Sessions Settlement, Utah, (now Bountiful), and 3, Anne Marie Kirstine Rasmussen.
Niels Christian Schow and Marie Pedersen, after conversion to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, were baptized 27 October 1850 in Aalborg. They, with three other couples baptized there the same day, were the "first fruits of the Gospel in the province of North Jutland." - page 17, The History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jensen. Niels Christian Schow was ordained a Teacher by the close of 1850, being one of the first twelve men of Denmark to hold the Priesthood. He was ordained an Elder 4 January 1852 (p. 44), and August 1852, the fourth General Conference of the Scandinavian Mission convened in Copenhagen. - The Saints in Vendsyssel were organized as the Vendsyssel Conference with Elder Niels Christian Schow as president." (p. 60). These references from The History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jensen, explain the authority whereby he worked in Northern Denmark as recorded in his diary.
My father, Elmer Carlos Schow, was in possession of the diary following his mother's death 15 July 1927. In about 1956 I asked Eugenie Madsen Larkin, of Willard, Utah, to translate the diary, but she told me that she had too many other responsibilities to undertake doing it. In the spring of 1958 it came into my mind to ask her again, and although this seemed foolish, I finally did. To my joy and surprise, Eugenie replied that her husband's failing health now compelled her to remain in the house with him, and she would be happy to have the interest of translating the diary. Born in Denmark, Sister Larkin spent much of her youth in Aalborg. She was well educated, having learned English at school in Denmark.
In a letter to me, dated 5 September 1958, Eugenie Larkin explained her translation of the diary as follows: "I have omitted some names, as I was not sure of them, and not acquainted with them. However, I can see that all his experiences were north of Aalborg and north of Limfjorden, a fjord that almost makes an island of northern Jutland. Aalborg, however, is on the south side of the fjord. You will notice some parentheses. They are my own inserts for better understanding."
I have been over the diary painstakingly, and with a magnifying glass have tried to figure out the place names Sister Larkin left as blank, but in not more than two cases have I ventured a guess. I have listed all places and names she gave in the translation, and searched all the atlas maps of Denmark in the Brigham City Library, but need a more detailed map. I am wondering if some of the places he went to visit were not actually important estates which had been given names.
My brother Sterling's daughter, Kaye Louise Schow Saling, granddaughter of Elmer C. Schow and great granddaughter of Michael Juel Schow, typed the stencils and prepared the mimeographed copies of Niels Christian
Schow's missionary diary. It is our hope that having these copies will be a source of benefit and satisfaction to family members.
¾Iris W. Schow
Diary of N.C. Schow
Translated by Eugenia M. Larkin
New Year's Day, Aalborg, January 1, 1853
I was in Aalborg and enjoyed myself with the Saints there, also the second of January did I stand with the Saints there. I bore my testimony in the afternoon.
Saturday, the 8th.
I traveled to Julsmark, where a council meeting was held in the evening.
Sunday, the 9th.
I conducted the congregation (or meeting) where some strangers were present. Everything went peacefully and the Lord's Spirit was close to us.
Monday and Tuesday, January 10 and 11.
Visited with some people in ___________ sogn, but with meager results.
Wednesday, January 12.
I visited the Saints and I found much contention among them. We held a Baptismal Meeting in the evening and I spoke to them with much power and they all prayed and humbled themselves.
Thursday, January 13.
We gathered at P. Hansgaard's where there were many strangers present. They were very attentive. The meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went peacefully and well.
Friday, the 14th.
I baptized nine at noon (12:30 O'clock). We had Baptismal Services (Confirmation) in the evening at the home of Niels Chr. and all went well and peacefully.
Saturday evening, January 15.
We held a council meeting, where I had some of our members express themselves concerning the disunities and disputes among themselves. I spoke very sternly to them, and unity was established once again.
Sunday, the 16th.
We held a meeting where I spoke. A few strangers were present. The spirit of the Lord was with us, and we partook of the Sacrament together, and we left each other's company rejoicing.
Monday, January 17th.
I traveled to Saarup where I spoke to some friends who were sincerely interested in the Gospel.
Tuesday, January 18th.
I went to Selstrupmark to visit my brothers and sisters, whom I found rejoicing in the Lord.
Wednesday, the 19th.
I reached my brethren, Steffen Christensen and F. Gottfredsen, who were happy in serving the Lord, and we agreed to have a meeting with Brother Niels Serup's. We anticipated a joyful evening, as three should have hands placed on their heads after baptism, but unseemly behavior of those who had received baptism prevented this, and instead we had a rough crowd of ________ and __________ (noisy hoodlums) and many enemies and an angry mob who came to throw us out, which also happened.
Sunday, the 23rd of January.
We had a meeting over in Steenbroew, where most of the members were present, and some strangers. The Lord's Spirit was near us, and the Saints felt blessed. Everything went friendly and peacefully, and we parted filled with joy from each other.
Monday evening, the 24th January.
We held a meeting at Brother Lauritz Christensen's. There were many strangers present, but they were respectful and attentive, and the meeting was friendly and good.
Sunday, the 30th, of January.
We held a meeting in ___________havn. Most of our members were present and a few strangers. The spirit of the Lord was felt abundantly among us, and we all rejoiced in the Lord, and in the evening of the same day two were baptized, Johanne Stine Pedersdatter and Johanne Marie Jensen.
Wednesday, the 2nd of February.
A prayer meeting was held and it was a blessed event.
Thursday, the 3rd.
I was in Hjørring and had a prayer meeting scheduled, which was not held. I had earlier spoken with a miller apprentice who had been baptized but had fallen away from the truth and its light, and he spoke with scornful force. He was dead to prayer and the Gospel.
Friday, the 4th.
I traveled to Oster to ______________. We were commanded to preach, whereupon I stood forth and bore testimony, but was soon interrupted. We were threatened and they stood up against us, and twisted branches from trees and chased us, and we fled in the dark into a farm building. The mob followed us, and the light from a fire-brand (torch) flickered near us, whereupon we hurriedly hid but they searched for us both in the barn and stable and loft, and they got a lantern to aid in their search for us, and in the loft they first found F. Gottfredwen, whom they dragged and buffeted among themselves. They said he should be baptized with three firebrands, whereupon they led him to Oster-a a (a a means creek) and threw him in. Here they found Brother Steffen Christensen, whom they treated in a like manner and then they found me and treated me likewise. After throwing me around several times, they at last flung me into Oster-a a, and I immediately arose and fled to ___________, where I arrived at half past eleven in the evening.
Sunday, February 6th.
I visited our members in Skør, where I found a sister very sick in her body, but staunch in the Spirit.
[This ends page 4 of Mrs. Larkin's translation. At this point she has the following note. "Pages 3 and 4 are from the loose leaf in the diary. There must be more missing from the diary as the next page starts without any information as to the time and place." It looks to me that he just wrote up Sunday, February 6, 1853, twice, forgetting as he went onto the new page that he had already written about Sunday. ¾I.W.S.]
¾ P. Krog, where I held a meeting in the evening. There were about 20 strangers present, who were very respectful, and everything went friendly and fine, and the Spirit of the Lord was near us.
Saturday was spent at Brother A. Pedersen's where I found that the members were all fine. We had a council meeting in the evening, where I spoke a little to ___________, and on Sunday, the 6th of February I did travel to Napstjert and held a meeting, where there were many strangers present, and the Spirit of the Lord had power over the people, and they paid much attention. All went peacefully and friendly, and many that day had the Gospel explained to them. In the evening I baptized two, Jens Chr. Tommesen and Lars Jacobsen.
Monday, the 7th of February.
I visited Saints in Aalbeck, who were fine, and I spoke to many friendly people who believe our doctrine.
Tuesday, the 8th.
I traveled again to Opholm, where we had a good meeting. The Saints from the surrounding country were there, and I placed my hands on one sister's head after baptism, and many strangers were present, and all were happy, and we were blessed with the Spirit of the Lord.
Wednesday, the 9th of February.
I traveled again to Opholm, where I held a meeting in the evening at the home of schoolteacher Jensen. Some stood up against me with a very malicious spirit, for about half an hour. One left after he had done what mischief he could, and some others followed him, tired of listening to the quarrelsome attitude. After this we had a meeting where I spoke that which the Lord gave me to say.
Thursday, the 10th of February and Sunday. ["I think it should be Friday," Mrs. Larkin notes.]
I stayed mostly indoors.
Saturday, the 12th of February.
I went to Anholm, where we held a council meeting in the evening.
Sunday, the 13th of February.
We held a meeting in Slade. Five old acquaintances came there and I bore testimony to them. They were very kind, and not doubting men, but friends.
Monday, the 14th
I went to Slade toward evening with Guston (Justen?) Andreas, who was not unfriendly, but he would not accept our belief.
Tuesday, the 15th.
Toward evening I and Brother P. Krog went to Hawlet (Kawljt?) (or Kamset?) where we spoke to some friends who were favorable toward our eachings.
Wednesday, the 16th of February.
I went again to (Hamlet or Kamset or Katfig (?) where I visited with Pronteur (forman) Meller, from Skaampgaard. He was very polite about my teachings, but maintained that the truth, is to leave all but the truth, and anyone can have that.
Thursday, the 17th of February.
I went to _______________.
Friday the 18th.
We held council meeting where I spoke to some of the brethren, and here also I suggested Brother Peder Christian Jensen, after the Spirit's prompting, should be made an Elder. This was seconded by Brother Christian Peder Nielsen, and accepted by the council.
Saturday, February 19th.
I traveled with Brother A. Pedersen to Julsmark and spent the night with his parents, and I conversed with his father about the gospel, and he was not interested.
Sunday, February 29th.
The day was spent with the Saints in meeting. They were doing fine. I found. In the afternoon we had a meeting in _____________. They were not used to strangers who were respectful and quiet, but we were fortunate and blessed this time.
Monday, the 21st of February.
I made a trip to Aalborg, where I rejoiced with the members and also visited with my own family. I went back to Julsmark the 6th of March 1853, where we held a meeting and were blessed with the Spirit of the Lord.
Tuesday, the 8th of March.
We had a (testimony ?) meeting, and
Wednesday, the 9th of March -
We held a meeting at Karl Moss' house. There were several strangers present who had a great longing for the word of God. The meeting was richly blessed, and we felt God was very, very close.
Thursday, the 10th of March.
I traveled in company with Brother Steffen Oxenterp. We visited a family who were ready for baptism. We held a little meeting, and we all were blessed by God's Spirit.
Friday, the 11th of March.
I went to Haveslev, and stopped with Brother Niels Seerup. I found the saints in good spirit and doing fine, and gathered together in the evening.
Saturday, the 12th of March.
I visited with a family in Haverslev, who were interested in our teachings, and I went afterwards to Steenbroen, where we held a council in the evening.
Sunday, the 13th of March.
We held a meeting where many interested and Saints were present. The Lord's Spirit was over us, and everything went friendly and well, and in the afternoon we held a meeting at Brother Lauritz Christensen's, where there were many strangers present. The meeting went off very peacefully and many were really interested.
Wednesday, the 16th of March.
I visited with my brothers and sisters in Skraal, where I found our sister very sick. We came back and had a meeting in the evening, and were blessed and rewarded.
Thursday, the 17th of March.
I went to visit with a family who believed.
Saturday night, the 19th of March.
We held a council meeting.
Sunday, the 20th of March.
We held a meeting with many Saints, and some strangers were present. Everything went friendly and all was blessed with God's Spirit, and in the evening Soren Songagurrg (?) and Jeppe ________________ were baptized.
Monday, March 21.
I traveled in company with Brother J. Christensen to (Skraal) where we found our sister very sick. She had been blessed with oil. Then we went to ___________, where we spoke to the Lady. Her husband was not at home, but she was very interested in our doctrine.
Tuesday evening, March 22.
We held a testimony meeting and were really blessed.
Thursday, March 23, (Skartorsday, or the Thursday before Easter) and Good Friday (Lang Fredag), the 24th and Saturday, the 25th of March.
Conference was held in ______________, where many Saints were present from the different branches. I conducted the conference, assisted by Brother Larsen. Many things were accomplished, and everything went friendly and well.
I traveled to Aalberg on Saturday, the 26th of March, where I saw ____________. I talked to Sister Sørena Nielsen, and found that she, under the circumstances, was getting along fairly well.
Sunday, 27th of March and the 28th.
Conference was held in Aalborg, with Brother Larsen conducting. Many sisters were present from the different branches, and many things were discussed and handled, and everything went friendly and well.
Wednesday, the 30th of March.
I traveled in company with Brothers Larse, Tommesen, Bohn ___________berg, and Andersen to Copenhagen, where we arrived April the 5th at 6 O'clock in the afternoon.
Wednesday, the 6th April.
We attended conference there. Many Saints were present from different cities and places in the land. Many speeches were given by the brethren in (of) the priesthood.
[On pages 76 & 77 of The History of the Scandinavian Mission by Andrew Jensen, we find, "On Wednesday, 6 April 1853, a general conference of the Scandinavian Mission was opened in Copenhagen, Denmark, it being the 23rd anniversary of the organization of the Church. The first meeting commenced at 10:o'clock and after the opening exercises, President Willard Snow gave the Elders who presided over the different conferences an opportunity to report. Elder Niels Christian Schow, President of the Vendsyssel Conference, J. Larsen, President of the Aalborg Conference, and Anders Andersen, President of the Fredericaia Conference, reported their labors and the progress made in their respective conferences, as well as the condition of the Saints... The Gospel had spread throughout the land, and missionaries had gone as far north as Skagen, the northernmost point of Jutland, and everywhere the message declared by the Elders caused a great stir among the population... All the speakers encouraged the Saints to be humble and faithful. 'We have suffered long enough for our own sake,' said Elder Schow, 'and we ought to rejoice now that we can suffer for the sake of Christ.'" Elder Schow is the only speaker at the conference whose direct words are quoted in The History of the Scandinavian Mission.]
Brother (W.) (Willard) Snow conducted the conference, and many things were explained to friends of the Church. Everything went off friendly, and the conference closed April the 10th. I traveled in company with the brethren from Zion, Haagen, and Pedersen, also Larsen, Bohn, and Tommassen, from Copenhagen via Aarhus to Aalborg, and arrived there on the 15th, where I stayed at home with my family and enjoyed visiting among the Saints until the 24th.
I then traveled to Julesmark, where I found the Saints gathered in the home of Brother P. Ottesen. I spoke a little to them, and I had a talk, after the meeting, with Brother P. Moss and Niels _________'s children, who were rather weak in the faith.
Wednesday, the 27th of April.
We held a council meeting at Brother P. Ottosen's and we held a prayer meeting the following Sunday at his home, also.
Sunday, the 1st of May.
We held our meeting at Brother Black's where I conducted. Some strangers were present, but they were very interested, and several Saints were also present, and the meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went friendly and well, and in the afternoon a cottage meeting was held and Brother Niels ________________,s, where his sons were present, but most of the congregation were members. I spoke to them and everything went friendly and well. Black's wife was baptized.
We had a council meeting Monday at Brother Black's where I spoke directly to the brethren.
Tuesday, the 3rd of May.
I had a talk with Brother Niels ____________ and his children, who were weak in the faith and found they wanted to be excommunicated from the Church. They said they had been baptized against their own wishes. I also had a talk, the same day, with Brother Black and his children and found there was much conflict and doubt among them. I spoke pretty (very) straight to them, and they confessed (or acknowledged) their sins and humbled themselves, although it was Wednesday the 4th before I really had them converted.
Thursday, the 5th of May.
I held a meeting at Brother Niels Christian's where most of the Saints were present. The Spirit of the Lord was with those assembled, and all were happy in the Lord.
I left there in the afternoon at 2:00 o'clock and arrived at ___________havn in the evening about half past eight. There, to my great joy, my wife met me.
Sunday, the 8th of May.
I held a meeting in Steenbroen, where most of the Saints were present, and also some strangers who were all very attentive, and everything went friendly and well.
We also held a meeting in the afternoon with Brother Langesen's. There were many strangers, and well as Saints present. All paid much attention, and everything went friendly and well.
I baptized Christian Christiansen on Tuesday, the 10th of May.
We held a meeting on Wednesday, the 11th of May, which was richly blessed.
Thursday, the 12th of May.
I traveled with my wife to Aalborg.
Saturday, the 14th.
My wife and I, Brother Larsen and his wife spent the day at home. I then left Aalborg and arrived at ___________havn about 15 minutes to 12 that night.
I baptized two sisters the next morning early.
Sunday, the 15th of May.
On the way back from Rønnberg (or Rommberg) Klint I held a meeting in ___________havn, where there were many strangers and most of the Saints (members) present. The meeting was blessed, and in the afternoon I reached Hjørring with Brother Jens Christensen. We administered to and blessed Sister Signe Brun, and this gave us an opportunity to bear our testimonies to some strangers who were present and seemed impressed.
We spent Monday, the 16th of May in Hjørring, and visited at Niels Hamberg's home. We also had opportunity to bear testimony to some strangers who seem impressed and humble.
Wednesday, the 18th.
We went by wagon to _______________ and visited our brother, to find out how he was. We found our Brother in good spirit, and returned in the evening to hold a cottage meeting, which was richly blessed.
We held a council meeting on Saturday evening, May 21, and decided to hold worship every Sunday afternoon, where the Saints should stand up and express their feelings.
Sunday, the 22nd of May.
We held a meeting in __________havn. Most of those present were members, but there were also a few strangers. The meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went friendly and well. I went to Hjørring in the afternoon with Brother J. Christensen, to the home of Jorgen Hammelhej to hold a meeting where a few had gathered. I bore testimony, but saw it made very little impression.
Saturday, the 21st.
We had visited with Brother Mickel Christensen and Brother P. C. Jensen and their wives, and also with Sister Maren Kristine Burn Fogt.
We held a meeting on Wednesday, the 25th of May and were very much blessed.
Brother H. F. Christensen left for Copenhagen Friday the 27th of May and I, in the company with Brother J. Christensen and Laust Christensen, went to Brother P. Andersen's.
I left in company with Brother Steffen Christensen on Saturday, May 28th for Morbjerg Sogn, where we found our sister well, but rather in poor circumstances. We went from there to our members in Lackhjem but found no one at home. We then went to visit the Thomsen's and slept there that night. We found both the man and his sons at home.
We left there Sunday, the 29th of May, for ____________, where we held meeting with the members, who were all doing well. There were a few strangers present, who gave us their names.
We then left for N__________ (might be Napstjert), where we held a meeting in the afternoon, most of the membership was present, and many strangers who seemed very interested and it looked as though some of these would be baptized. The meeting was blessed richly with the Spirit of the Lord.
Monday, May 30th.
We had a case of ill will among some of the brethren, but were able to have it settled peacefully.
Tuesday, May 31.
We visited the Saints in Aalbak (Aalback?). We found them doing well, and we spoke to several people who seemed very much impressed with our doctrine.
Wednesday, June 1.
We held a meeting in Napstjert where most of our members were present, also some strangers, who were very attentive. The meeting was blessed, and everything went friendly and well.
Thursday, the 2nd of June.
I organized, after the Spirit's prompting, a branch, and we called it the Napstjerte Branch. Brother Steffen Christensen was sustained as superintendent. This branch was started with 17 members. We left for Opholm, where we held a council meeting in the evening, and things were planned for Sunday.